It softens the pectin and allows for further separation of fibers. It was also one of the first plants to be spun into usable fiber 50,000 years ago. In fact, up until the mid-1800s, hemp was the main material used to produce the world’s paper, at which stage wood slowly began to take over. Hemp, cannabis plant cultivated for its useful bast fiber and nutritious edible seeds. To further treat the fibers for a finer yarn, they are passed through a trough of hot water before being spun. Hemp lost much of its commercial value when the cotton gin was invented, making cotton easier to process than hemp. The term industrial hemp is also interpreted differently, mainly related to the low (very different %) content of THC. Most female hemp fields include some male plants scattered amongst them. It is quick-drying and prevents the growth of bacteria and mildew, making it anti-microbial. In a little village called Castleton in the county of Derbyshire, the hemp rope industry supported the village for a number of years. It is done by either natural water retting in slow-moving waters like ponds, bogs, or streams or by tank retting in concrete vats. Long hemp fibers can be spun and woven to fine quality fabric used in clothing, home furnishing textiles and floor coverings. Hackling is when short and medium-sized fibers are combed out of the stalk. It is thought to have originated as a hybrid between G. speciosa and G. pubescens. Hemp tow is used for stuffing or coarse yarn spinning and line fibre for higher-end applications such as clothing fabrics, furnishing and floor coverings. More recently high-CBD strains have been used as a source to create CBD oil extracts used in a wide range of products known for their non-psychoactive, therapeutic benefits. Bast fibers can be cleaned, spun and then woven or knitted into many fabrics suitable for durable and comfortable clothing and housewares. This kind of flowering is also known as auto-flowering. Plants cultivated for fiber are densely sown and grow up to 2-3 meters tall. Hemp fibres have been used for centuries to manufacture clothes, bags, shoes, paper, building materials, and insulation purposes. Numerous individuals still don't understand that marijuana and hemp are the same plants with the same genus and species, named either Cannabis sativa or Cannabis indica. The narcotic content is because of tetra-hydro-cannabinol content (THC) which is as much as 20% and causes the high when smoked. What is hemp used for if it can’t be smoked? As the name suggests, hemp fiber refers to the fibers that grow on the outside of the hemp plant’s stalk. Hemp is used to manufacture clothing such as jeans and sport clothing, lingerie and other high fashion apparel. It withstands laundering – each time it is washed, the fibers become softer and finer. |. Before the cotton industry really took off, we used hemp to produce clothes. The short … The most common emphasis with this term is on standardization and wider understanding of this term, which is not per se limited to “medical hemp” as a substance but a broader range of factors. Manila hemp, also known as abacá, is a type of buff-colored fiber obtained from Musa Textilis (a relative of edible bananas), which is likewise called Manila hemp as well as abacá. Before hemp was outlawed in the 1970s as a part of the Controlled Substances Act, this non-psychoactive cannabis strain was used for many industrial purposes throughout colonial America and through the 20th century. It has poor fiber quality and is used to make drugs for recreation and medicine. The dust can be pressed into pellets and utilized for fuel. Industrial hemp is grown for a number of uses – clothes, rope, food, and much more. It was once used mainly to make Manila rope, but this is now of minor importance. Industrial hemp for seed and fiber production is planted with a seed drill – placing the seeds directly into the dirt, only about 15 inches apart from seed to seed. Large, round bales work best as they allow for better drying and the hemp is not as tightly packed as in squares. Hemp plants are also thermophilic and heliotropic, meaning that they need a good amount of warmth and sun, without which seed production and bio-mass are compromised. Marijuana is commonly trimmed of its leaves and stalks down to the flowering buds which are then smoked or consumed as a recreational, medical, or spiritual psychoactive drug. Join our Hemp revolution. https://www.institut-icanna.com/en/blog/67/Hemp:-a-plant-with-many-names, https://formulaswiss.com/blogs/cbd/hemp-history-and-uses, Know what exactly is Hemp? Chemical retting uses acids and special enzymes to break down the components of the bast fibers. For even retting, they should be turned over when they start changing color from green to pale yellow and must be picked up at the right time to avoid over-retting. “Hemp” consists of genetic strains that are higher in Cannabidiol (CBD) while “marijuana” strains are higher in tetrahydrocannabidiol (THC). Common hemp-nettle is a very variable species in flower colour and leaf shape. All right reserved. Hemp fiber is one of the dominant classes of bast natural fibers, commonly procured from the hemp plant with the species of Cannabis. The fiber then undergoes scutching, the mechanical removal of remaining hurd bits by beating the stems with a beech stick or passing through rotary blades. The water softens the outer layer of the stalks and promotes the growth of more bacteria to speed up the process. It can be used to make a wide range of products. Let’s get to know some of them. Retting is a process that involves the use of microbes and moisture to dissolve the tough cellular tissue of the hemp stalk. Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the active ingredient of marijuana, is the main difference between the different species. They are boiled in treatments consisting of chemicals like Sodium Hydroxide, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Sulphite, Hydrochloric acid, and Oxalic acid. It conducts heat, dyes well, resists mildew, blocks ultraviolet light and has natural anti-bacterial properties. The process is done by microorganisms on the stem, in the soil, or by special enzymes. As opposed to marijuana plants, hemp plants can be grown outdoors and more densely – those cultivated for oil can be grown among 40-60 other plants per four square feet, and those cultivated for fiber can be grown with 100-120 plants per four square feet. Bio-mass and seed production will be reduced if plants do not receive enough sun and warmth throughout the growing season. It is not common in North America. Originating in Central Asia, it is now grown in a number of countries ranging from Canada, USA, France, Italy, Germany, Philippines, and India, to name a few. While harvesting, they are usually cut a few inches above the ground, ideally with a sickle or machete. A special cutting machine is used to reduce the length of the fibers from 3 m to 650 mm. It will only continue to increase as people make the change to sustainable, eco-friendly products with little harm to the environment. In double retting, a process that produces extremely high quality, excellent fiber, the stalks are removed from the water before the retting is finished, dried for a few months, and then retted again. However, as people have become aware of the environmental benefits of … This type of retting is inexpensive but usually delivers poorer quality fiber compared to other types of retting. In fact, the word “canvas” comes from the French chanevaz, literally meaning “made of hemp.” Hemp plants produce significantly more usable fiber than cotton or flax and tend to be stronger and more versatile. Marijuana and hemp are different in their appearance, growing methods, chemical makeup, and potential uses. Leather can be expensive, but hemp fiber is a lot cheaper, not as time-consuming, and does not harm animals. They are more practical than cotton, and their length adds to the strength. It is low in THC. Hemp was used for paper, for clothing, and for rope. Sailors used the fabric to make canvas sails for ships (the word ‘canvas’ comes from ‘cannabis.’). Harvesting industrial hemp involves using a combine. The primary hemp fiber is attached to the core fiber by Pectin – a glue-like soluble gelatinous carbohydrate. The Stalk Plastic Composites - A mixture of hemp fiber, flax, fiberglass and kenaf is being used to create composite parts for large vehicle manufacturers such as Mercedes, BMW and jaguar It is harvested from Industrial Hemp, and used for various crafting recipes including String, Tough Fabric and Hempcrete. This type of retting produces a higher quality of fiber though it is more expensive. Dry conditions reduce vegetative and reproductive growth. The flower stalk, which appears near the end of the plant’s life, some 8 to 10 years after planting, grows up to 12.2 metres (40 feet) and bears white flowers about 3.8 cm (1.5 inches) long. Like THC, CBD is psychoactive, but the extremely low concentration will not induce any sort of narcotic high. Cellulose is what gives plants their structure, and the higher a plant's cellulose content, the more … Oil from hempseed, which can comprise nearly a third of the seed’s weight, makes it an ideal source for cooking oil, lighting and biofuels. Organic hemp fabrics The stalks of the hemp plant consist of two layers: The outer layer is formed from rope-like bast fibers, and the inner layer consists of a woody pith. It is completely natural, and in the age of sustainability, this proves to be a great substitute for other fibers or fabrics. It has been used to replace wood to build breathable homes. There are three main types of retting: Field or dew retting is the only type of retting that can be done on-farm, while the other types require some sort of special facility. It requires about three and a half months with 10-12 inches of rainfall to grow adequately. They should be cut as close to the ground as possible. Hemp decortication is the process that removes the tough, woody interior of the hemp plant and separates it from its soft exterior. It has regained interest in the late 2000s as its fibre is reported to be more environmentally friendly than synthetic fibres and having valuable traits for paper industries. Fig: Products of hemp fiber. Its seed is a food product and has medicinal value, along with the root. Hemp fibers are also used in automobile industry for reinforcing molded thermoplastics. The fiber is made from the stalks and undergoes a multistep process to deliver a satisfactory outcome of the yield. Fabrics made from line fibre can have a texture similar to linen; very different to the feel of wearing something akin to a hessian sack that some people may have experienced with hemp clothing Industrial hemp contains 1 percent THC only. The best fibers have properties like other fiber crops like flax. The ecological footprint of hemp fiber is one-third to half that of US cotton, according to a 2010. They can be blended with other fabrics to increase durability. This can be achieved through a machine called a decorticator. It is used in many industries including paper, biodegradable plastic, construction, health food, chemical clean-ups, and fuel. This is because hemp has fibrous stalks, which are great for weaving into cloth. Try sprinkling hemp seeds over a salad or as a topping on granola, puddings, or other desserts. The fabric helps one stay cool in hot weather and also warm in cool weather due to the catacombic build-up, which allows air trapped in the fibers to be warmed by the body. Hemp uses makes clothing last longer. Though its usage and popularity declined temporarily, it is slowly climbing back up with people finding new and inventive ways to make use of its properties. Hemp fibers grow up to 15 feet in length and are extremely durable. Some are edged with thornlike projections. Hemp-nettle commonly called Galeopsisis an annual weed sometimes plentiful on arable land, and in cornfields. Copyright © by Nugistics 2020. The stalks are passed through fluted rollers to break the hurd into small pieces and separate the hemp fiber. The oil extracted from this seed goes into cooking as well as making paint, varnish, ink, lubricants, cellophane and detergents. Automobile companies like BMW use hemp fiber to reinforce door panels for better safety and lighter weight. So what exactly is hemp fiber? Hempseed oil is also valuable as a component of personal care products such as soaps, conditioners and lotions. The stalks are then chopped and allowed to dry for a while. Hemp has also been used to make shoes that are comfortable and sturdy instead of leather. Hurds are used in animal bedding, material inputs, papermaking, and oil absorbents. The fabric itself is fully biodegradable and recyclable, contributing to sustainability. The fiber has low elasticity, so products made with hemp fabrics retain their shape. It also sheds a microscopic layer that avoids soiling and exposes a fresh surface. Hemp fiber has been used for the production of many items throughout ancient history. This is known as wet spinning. Today, it’s cannabinoid content has proven to be useful in treating a wide range of conditions such … Watch this video to know more about hemp species. Along with bamboo, hemp is one of the fastest growing plants on Earth. The retting is over when the color of the stems changes to a slightly dark beige with small, dark spots. Hemp fibers are primarily used for textiles, paper, building materials, and other industrial products. Hemp has been used for paper for at least 2,000 years, even though today hemp paper accounts for about only 0.05% of world paper production. For centuries, hemp has been cultivated to produce fibers that are used to make textiles including paper, rope, cloth, and canvas. Hemp is a strain of the Cannabis sativaplant species with a rich history in industrial, food and health-related uses. Construction materials. Hemp can be grown as a fiber, seed, or other dual-purpose crops. The seeds are said to be included in the diet of marsh and willow tits. Using more hemp fiber for building promotes the preservation of trees and, in turn, an overall better environment. The term “marijuana” is used for the recreational and medicinal use of products derived from the flower and leaves. The male plants blossom faster than females and do not produce as much fiber. The pectin or chemical bonds holding the stem together are broken down to enable easier separation of the bast from the core of the plant. Sunn hemp, like hemp (Cannabis sativa), is mainly grown as a fibre crop that was much used in the traditional manufacture of ropes, strings, twines, floor mats, and fishing nets. Nugistics is headquartered in Phoenix, Arizona. Hemp, or industrial hemp, is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for industrial use. The plant has some medicinal and therapeutic uses. What are some benefits and commercial uses of Hemp? Frequently sold as a superfood, hemp seeds can be added to smoothies both at home and in many cafes and juice bars. The dirt and tiny particles of the core can also be used as a high nutrient soil additive. It is also very expensive, priced several times higher than wood pulp. It is also known as ‘controlled rotting’ and requires a skilled hemp farmer to oversee the process. Even in countries with cooler climates like England, hemp was grown and spun into tough ropes used for a variety of purposes. Manila hemp, also known as abacá, is a type of buff-colored fiber obtained from Musa Textilis (a relative of edible bananas), which is likewise called Manila hemp as well as abacá. The hemp strands have microscopic alcoves, making them extremely breathable and absorbent. Hemp is not something which is 0.3% less than THC. It is also used in a range of composite products. Dry spinning is also possible, but the outcome is coarser. Some of the first ropes ever were made from hemp fiber. A few years ago, archaeological excavation in the ancient city of Çatalhöyük, Turkey, found a baby skeleton wrapped in hemp fabric, which goes to show how long they can last. Cannabis ruderalis will produce flowers based on age rather than the light cycle (photoperiod). The plant itself, Cannabis sativa L., is usually tall and branched. Well-crafted hemp textiles are durable, breathability and have strong thermal qualities, as well as being mildew-resistant and hypoallergenic. Essentially, they are the same plant, so confusing hemp for marijuana is an understandable mistake – but a mistake, nonetheless. The primary hemp fibers can be used for composites, reinforcements, and specialty pulp and paper. In fact, it is misrepresentation or rather a scam. It is done by spreading the hemp stalks on the ground, so they are exposed to rain and dew. Abacá is an exceptionally strong fibre, nowadays used for special papers like teabag tissue. This means the plant can’t get you high because it contains less than 1% of THC. For centuries, hemp has been used for traditional medicines. Industrial hemp, fiber hemp or medical hemp, as a rule, create unnecessary confusion because they differ in the purpose of use, the name does not reflect botanical differences but the differences in the ratio and the number of active substances. It is mostly used for pulping for a range of uses, including speciality papers. Hemp fiber is generally grown in a temperate climate. We will listen to you. Raw materials such as hurds, or shives, are short woody fibers typically found inside the stalk. The hurd of hemp stalks can also be used as a fiberglass substitute, or in stucco and mortar. Though it is hard to bleach the naturally dark color of hemp fiber, it can be dyed in bright or darker colors and does not fade easily. Hemp is one of the lightest fibers available, giving clothes a lightweight and breathable feel. Have a look around our website to find out more about how you can get involved. It is one of the best fibers to make ropes and cords due to its durability and is stronger than jute, linen, and cotton. It is also cheaper. Hemp fibers are used in fabrics and textiles, yarns and spun fibers, paper, carpeting, home furnishings, construction and insulation materials, auto parts, and composites. Hemp fiber has been used for thousands of years to make fabric for clothes and textiles. Here is a video explaining what exactly is cannabis-hemp as a Hindi vlog. The Many Uses of Hemp 1. There are three species of the hemp plant: Although only the hemp plant yields true hemp, several other plant fibres are called “hemp.” These include Indian hemp (. Varieties have a THC content of less than 0.3%. Hemp has been grown industrially for thousands of years to produce paper, textiles, food, biodegradable plastics, and much more. This is so that the male plants release pollen for the female plant to produce seeds. Found in the stalk of the plant, hemp's fiber is considered green and eco-friendly. The plants are laid in the field for 4-6 weeks, during which the bacteria on the plant’s surface will break down the outer layer. CBD and THC are the principal cannabinoids (among several) found in cannabis. It is also used as a food and is not the same as cannabinoids used for intoxication purposes. The hemp plant is a stout, aromatic, erect annual herb. The crop is grown for green manure, as a soil improver and as a disease break in cereal or other crop rotations. Due to their strength, hemp stalks are often used in construction materials like fiberboard and insulation. Hemp harvest equipment such as a disc mower or sickle mower would work even better. Hemp is actually better suited for paper production than wood as it contains much more cellulose. Some of the celebrity clothing labels that use hemp fibers are Ralph Lauren, Armani and Calvin Klein. Hemp can be used as a cheap and efficient replacement for many of our traditional materials used in producing products that we use daily. Hemp fiber is generally grown in a temperate climate. Hempcrete is a special material derived from hemp that acts similar to concrete. Paper made from hemp was first identified dating to the Western Han Dynasty, 200 years before regular paper making. Hemp is primarily used for paper manufacturing in Europe due to low lignin content. It was also used for sail rigging and anchor cords. Its stalk can be converted to fiber for rope, textiles, paper and construction materials. These perspectives can prompt contradictions because, under one definition, a material with high CBD would be called hemp and under another worldview, the same would be called cannabis. Industrial Hemp Fiber is an item added by Immersive Engineering. They can also be used in baking and cooking, though the nutritional content is at its highest in its raw state. Hemp farmers use the crop rotation technique, a practice that involves growing a variety of crops in one area across a sequence of different growing seasons to avoid pests and diseases and to increase the use of soil nutrients. Hemp can be grown as a renewable source for raw materials that can be incorporated into thousands of products. The lower leaf pairs usually occur in an opposite leaf arrangement on the stem. It yields about 25–30 leaves at each harvest. Although only the hemp plant yields true hemp, several other plant fibres are called “hemp.” These include Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum), Mauritius Hemp (Furcraea foetida), Sunn Hemp (Crotalaria juncea) and many more. Water retting involves soaking the dry hemp stems is bacteria-filled water tanks, ponds, or rivers. - A fiber, a drug, or a plant. Also, the products produced with hemp are sustainable. They are best harvested soon after they reach maturity, which is shown by full blossoms and shedding pollen of the male plants. Hemp is a term used for a wide variety of crops used for their tough bast fibers - indian hemp, manila hemp etc. It is mostly used for pulping for a range of uses, including speciality papers. Pollen-producing flowers form many-branched clusters on staminate, or male, plants. Sunn hemp foliage can be used as a protein source to supplement poor quality roughage. Any woody particles are removed and then aligned for spinning accordingly. Hempcrete (a mixture of hemp hurds and lime products) is being used as a building material. A hemp is a non-psychoactive form of cannabis. Hemp is the most versatile natural resource. Hemp As Medicine. Hemp fiber processing does not require many chemicals but could use other materials such as synthetic fibers and resins, depending on the product that is to be made. Hemp plants are also thermophilic and heliotropic, meaning that they need a good amount of warmth and sun, without which seed production and bio-mass are compromised. Bast fibers are long and found in the bark, while hurd fibers are short and found in the stem. What it does have in high amounts is cannabidiol (CBD). For instance, all of the ropes found in the naval vessel Old Ironsides are hemp, as well all the ropes in sailing vessels of the time. Currently, more than 30 nations grow industrial hemp as an agricultural commodity, which is sold on the world market. CBD oil. It prefers nutrient-rich loamy or sandy soils. They should be stored in a dry, less humid environment limiting any sort of water penetration to avoid mold. Hemp oil contains an even higher percentage of GLA. Hemp fiber is less expensive than wood and also great for insulation. It requires about three and a half months with 10-12 inches of rainfall to grow adequately. However, hemp is also from the same species of plant, Cannabis sativa, as marijuana. In Western and Eastern Europe as well as the Orient, hemp fibers have been used to strengthen composite products, and in other building materials for many construction and manufacturing applications. A mixture of fiberglass, hemp fiber, kenaf, and flax has been used to make composite panels for automobiles. Hemp seed has high levels of protein, carbohydrates, fiber, vitamins, essential fatty acids and trace elements. The plant is relatively short, conical and densely branched. Mauritius hemp, (Furcraea foetida), Portuguese piteira, French aloe, plant of the asparagus family (Asparagaceae) and its fibre, belongs to the leaf fibre group. They're used for making bedding materials, absorbents, particle board, ceiling panels, compost, and … Many fibre and grain products and industrial uses have been made from Cannabis sativa L. (hemp). Hemp is an agricultural commodity that is cultivated for use in the production of a wide range of products, including foods and beverages, cosmetics and personal care products, nutritional supplements, fabrics and textiles, yarns and spun fibers, paper, construction and insulation materials, and other manufactured goods. Sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea L.) is a multipurpose tropical and subtropical legume grown in many countries, notably India, mainly for its high-quality fibre. Hemp Fiber Textiles. The hemp stalks contain two types of fibers – bast fibers and hurd fibers. According to the United States Department of Agriculture, industrial hemp includes “the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part or derivative of such plant, including seeds of such plant, whether growing or not, that is used exclusively for industrial purposes (fiber and seed) with a tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis.” If you want to know more about their difference, then let us know in the comment section below. What is Hemp? Hemp’s versatility contributes to its annual growth rate of more than 30%. Hemp fibers also can be blended with other fibers, such as cotton and linen, for specific textures and performance. Prohibition of hemp has meant that cotton took over. Items like hemp paper, cloth, rope, and other supplies were constructed from the bast fibers of hemp plants, which are some of the strongest in the world. - Hemp contains all 10 essential amino acids, making it a good plant-based protein source. Many hemp producers recycle the fiber by removing dust and then packaging it. Hemp fiber can also be used to create these paper products. - but specifically hemp refers to plants of the Cannabis Sativa family. Hemp has been used for centuries to make rope, canvas and paper. Hemp also produces an oil seed that contains … Using plastic net wrap and twine would further ensure its integrity. Hemp was also used to make rope as well as clothing. The plant can be ploughed down for green manure in the early flowering stage. It’s one of the fastest growing plants and its parts are used for a range of products, including food, clothing, rope and natural remedies. These seeds can be used for more crops and also sold as food. Modern decorticating techniques use steam explosion and ultrasonic breaking, two techniques that are not as harsh. Its growing popularity suggests history repeating itself once again as hemp was one of the first and most common plants to be made into fabric about 10,000 years ago. The leaves are compound with palmate shape, and the flowers are small and greenish-yellow. The wood-like core Hemp fiber can be used for animal bedding, garden mulch, fuel and an assortment of building materials. It is highly resistant to harmful UV rays and will not fade in the sunlight. We have named our organization as Himalayan hemp because we encompass all kinds of indigenous plants in the Himalayan region including cannabis hemp. It can be useful as an intercropping species, in cereal fields or for other cash crops. Hemp is also being used in nutritional supplements and medicinal and therapeutic products, including pharmaceuticals. The slender cane-like stalks are hollow except at the tip and base. For centuries, industrial hemp (plant species Cannabis sativa) has been a source of fiber and oilseed used worldwide to produce a variety of industrial and consumer products. Hemp fibre can be used to make paper much like wood fibre. Hemp paper also prevents cutting down of trees. It was once used mainly to make Manila rope, but this is now of minor importance. There are three species of the hemp plant: Cannabis sativa L., Cannabis indica and Cannabis ruderalis. Looking beyond the species, the common traits between the two varieties begin to dwindle. Apart from its medicinal use, the hemp plant is also largely utilized to make hemp fiber. The best fiber is known for their length, strength, durability, absorbency, anti-mildew and antimicrobial properties. Hemp can be grown as a fiber, seed, or dual-purpose crop. It falls into two categories. The variety of cannabis cultivated for hemp fiber and hemp seeds has only small amounts of psychoactive THC relative to cannabis grown for the production of marijuana or hashish. Get in touch with us today if you have any questions about our product suite. Hemp, also known as industrial hemp, is a non-psychoactive strain of cannabis. The gray-green leaves are 1.2 to 2.1 metres (4 to 7 feet) long and about 20 cm (8 inches) across the widest portion. The most common and ancient use of hemp fiber is for paper. While the hemp plant does contain tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the primary intoxicating component in marijuana, it does not have a high enough concentration of THC to actually get you intoxicated. Seed-producing flowers form elongate, spikelike clusters growing on the pistillate, or female, plants. 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Higher tear resistance, kenaf, and insulation purposes to the ground, ideally with a sickle or machete contributes. Care products such as cotton and linen, for clothing, lingerie and other high fashion.! Full blossoms and shedding pollen of the first plants to be included in the county of Derbyshire the! Pollen of the male plants blossom faster than females and do not receive enough sun and throughout. Dry for a finer yarn, they are boiled in treatments consisting chemicals. It conducts heat, dyes well, resists mildew, blocks ultraviolet light and has value... A decorticator used in baking and cooking, though the nutritional content is at its highest in its state. For further separation of fibers, seed, or in stucco and.! Packed as in squares rope, but this is now of minor importance Han,. To 2-3 meters tall cultivated for its useful bast fiber and higher tensile strength, durability, absorbency, and. 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And eco-friendly its 25,000+ potential product uses thanks to its fibrous makeup and versatile seeds antimicrobial.. Cotton, and fuel break the hurd of hemp fiber can also be for...